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The Dirty Thirties

Michiel Horn, Glendon College (York University)

Images of the Great Depression in Canada include breadlines, relief camps, protest marches and dust storms sweeping over the western plains. The underlying reality is as stark as the images. During the downswing that begins shortly before the stock-market crash in 1929 and ends in the spring of 1933, national income falls by almost half. The recovery is uneven and ends in a renewed slump in 1937. Only the war that begins in September 1939 brings full recovery.


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First Nations

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Society / Daily Life

Politics / Economy

Technology, Industry & Commerce