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Winds of Change: Reforms and Unions

Peter Bischoff, University of Ottawa

In the late 1800s, Canada is entering a new age. The industrial revolution and the expansion of the railway have wrought profound changes in lifestyles. Over a third of the population is living in or near towns and cities. Canada is becoming increasingly urbanized and industrialized. Technological changes and the reorganization of work fuel the rise of the labour movement. Reform organizations are founded to tackle social problems such as alcoholism, the insalubrity of working-class neighbourhoods, infant mortality and discrimination against women.


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