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Continuing Negotiations: First Nations and the State

William R. Morrison, University of Northern British Columbia

During the 19th century, the nation of Canada was formed. As its population grew and land was needed for agriculture and settlement, the First Nations were persuaded or compelled to move onto "reserves." The Indian Act, passed in 1876, put all First Nations under the control of a government department and outlawed traditional practices. Denied full citizenship, the First Nations were in fact then wards of the state.


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