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Montreal 1850-1896: The Industrial City

Paul-André Linteau, Université du Québec à Montréal

Around 1850, Montreal has a little over 50 000 people. In a mere half-century its population increases six times, surpassing the 300 000 marks. Growth in manufacturing industries is the main cause. Starting in the mid-19th century, factories spring up all over the city, and especially along the Lachine Canal. Their products are sold on the Canadian market, which is growing by leaps and bounds. Industrialization leads to growth in transportation, trade and the service industries.


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