In the years following the Second World War, Montreal benefited from the country's general economic prosperity. Although no longer Canada's biggest city, surpassed by Toronto, it was still the economic and cultural centre of Quebec.
Montreal's modern identity took shape when it held the 1967 World's Fair, which was visited by millions of people. A series of major infrastructure projects, including the metro system, highways, bridges and tunnels, were completed in the 1960s. The same decade saw the construction of the city's first skyscrapers and vast retail and office complexes, such as Place Ville Marie and Place Bonaventure.