Disasters and Calamities, 1840-1867
Shipwreck, painting, copied for H. Drummond, 1919-20
Wm. Notman & Son
1919-1920, 20th century
Silver salts on glass - Gelatin dry plate process
20 x 25 cm
Purchase from Associated Screen News Ltd.
© McCord Museum
Keywords: Art (2774) , painting (2227) , Painting (2229) , Photograph (77678)
Keys to History
This picture of a shipwreck illustrates the dire fate of many ships sailing near Canadian coasts over the years. So the Hungarian, a ship from the fleet of Montrealer Sir Hugh Allan, was shipwrecked on the southwest tip of Nova Scotia in February 1860. The boat had left from England and was heading towards Maine when it sank during a storm. Over 100 passengers perished.
In the second half of the 19th century, Sir Allan's company had a quasi-monopoly on the transport of passengers and immigrants from the United Kingdom and the ports in Eastern Canada.
In the 19th century, a fleet of wooden sailing ships of various sizes, ranging from scows to 300-ton ships, ensured the transport of goods.
The main Atlantic ports in the 19th century were Halifax (N.S.) and St. John (N.B.), to which had just been added Pictou and Arichat (N.S.), and Shediac (N.B.).
From the mid-19th century, sailing ships underwent increasingly tough competition in maritime transport from steam ships.
People living along the coasts or near the St. Lawrence sometimes took advantage of cargo damaged by a shipwreck by auctioning off these goods.